Error Apparent on the face of the record.
Distinction between Erroneous Decision & Error Apparent:
The Supreme Court in Thungabhadra Industries Ltd v. Govt of Andhra Pradesh, AIR 1964 SC 1372 –
“There is a distinction which is real, though it might not always be capable of exposition, between a mere erroneous decision and a decision which could be characterized as vitiated by error apparent.
A review is by no means an appeal in disguise whereby erroneous decision is reheard and corrected, but lies only for patent error.
Where without any elaborate argument one could point out the error and say here is a substantial point of law which stares one in the face, and there could reasonably be no two opinions entertained about it, a clear case of error apparent on the face of the record would be made out.”